Swap electricity oil

Even when Plug-in Hybrid cars use less than 1 litre fuel from crude oil for 100km, even this reduction is in the long run not enough. More potentail for reduction by electric power.






  The limits of batteries


It's not usefull to put more and more batteries in a car to have more percent of travels with electric power. A reasonable upper limit is between 100 and 200km electric only range. But how to reduce the fuel consumption for long travels?

  Hydrogen and fuel cell not usefull


The price of the fuel cell and low range are against hydrogen. Even at only 10,000.-EUR more price for the fuel cell compared to an ICE internal combustion engine, profitability is practical never reached.

  Methan with optimized engine


The 4 kg pressure tank for hydrogen enables only 480km range with the fuel cell. An engine optimized for Methan would have 1440km range with the same tank filled with methan instead of hydrogen.

  Hydrogen age complete different


The hydrogen age commes, but complete different from our contemporarily imaginations. The hydrogen does not come in the tanks of our vehicles, but will be used before to improve biomass and crude oil. To bring the maximum amount of solar electric power in the tank, the fuel with the lowest carbon part is preferred.. Methan and Methanol as the ideal fuel of the future.

Editorial of PEGE
Important questions about the future, reports and possible solutions. PEGE as an independent analyst of facts and designer of long term strategies outside of short sighted populisms.




  Key questions for a future after peak oil


The Energy Watch Group shows, peakoik is history and happened 2006. PEGE creates a catalog of questions for a path to our future energy system.

Change energy source: plug-in hybrid
Since decades, our cars are using less and less fuel, but the world consume of oil goes up. Now after peak oil, we need a radical change of the energy source.


Energy usage car changing
Until now, the consumption was only measured in litres of an crude oil product. The new norm is the earth surface to produce the necessary energy.


Stretch by hydrogen
Future vision solar electric power plentifulness. Shortage of crude oil and biomass. The logical consequence: Biomass and crude oil refined by hydrogen from solar electricity.


Biomass efficiency
With the example wood increasing the potential of biomass for our mobility from the present beginnings to the time with large amounts of electricity from renewable energy.


Methan Methanol Hydrogen
After a preselection for this 3 fuel sorts has to be evaluated which one is cheapest for the cars drivers in 20 years.


Heavy oil castling
From all vehicles are only big ships suitable for hydrogen. This is because a tank with 125,000 times more volume has only 2,500 times more surface.


Biomass evaluation
Because of new knowledge about the future energy situation, the evaluation of plant sorts for the earning of energy has to be recalculated.




Context description:  peak oil peakoil crude short shortage shortages energy plan plans concept concepts for the future event events date time month 11 Nov November autumn fall