Methan Methanol Hydrogen

After a preselection for this 3 fuel sorts has to be evaluated which one is cheapest for the cars drivers in 20 years.



  Electric power in abundance, lack of biomass and crude oil


The basic premise for the scenario: the photovoltaic world market is grown to over 100 Watt Peak per human and year. Over 600 GW photovoltaic is installed each year. The prognosis of the Energy Watch Group is took place, the oil production is below 50% from the current production.

  Fuel hydrogen from electrolysis


At each of the 3 fuel sorts, hydrogen from electrolysis is a ruling element. The demand for fuel is much reduced, because Plug-in Hybrid cars drive 80% of all kms with electric power. Fuel is only needed for the 20% of travels outside the electric range.

  Hydrogen without fuel cell


The fuel cell could fail to reach a price to be economic in a car. Maybe not enough advantage in efficiency to compensate the higher price with less consumption. As a range extender ICE internal combustion engines work with around 40% efficiency.

  Example Chevrolet Volt


4 kg hydrogen converted to electric power with 40% efficiency are only 390 km range. So huge tanks, small range. On the other hand 44m³ methan for 1440km. Here it would be possible to remove the front pressure tank and put more batteries there, the hydrogen Volt has only half the batteries. The rear pressure tank should be enough for 800km range.

Even more easy with methanol. No expensive pressure tanks, a simple cheap tank. With 2 * 26 litre like seen at the gasoline version from the Volt gives 670 km range.

Editorial of PEGE
Important questions about the future, reports and possible solutions. PEGE as an independent analyst of facts and designer of long term strategies outside of short sighted populisms.


Methanol
Hydrogen as an energy carrier is with one carbon and one oxygen atom per 4 hydrogen atoms much easyer to transport. The other hydrogen age.




  Key questions for a future after peak oil


The Energy Watch Group shows, peakoik is history and happened 2006. PEGE creates a catalog of questions for a path to our future energy system.

Change energy source: plug-in hybrid
Since decades, our cars are using less and less fuel, but the world consume of oil goes up. Now after peak oil, we need a radical change of the energy source.


Energy usage car changing
Until now, the consumption was only measured in litres of an crude oil product. The new norm is the earth surface to produce the necessary energy.


Swap electricity oil
Even when Plug-in Hybrid cars use less than 1 litre fuel from crude oil for 100km, even this reduction is in the long run not enough. More potentail for reduction by electric power.


Stretch by hydrogen
Future vision solar electric power plentifulness. Shortage of crude oil and biomass. The logical consequence: Biomass and crude oil refined by hydrogen from solar electricity.


Biomass efficiency
With the example wood increasing the potential of biomass for our mobility from the present beginnings to the time with large amounts of electricity from renewable energy.


Heavy oil castling
From all vehicles are only big ships suitable for hydrogen. This is because a tank with 125,000 times more volume has only 2,500 times more surface.


Biomass evaluation
Because of new knowledge about the future energy situation, the evaluation of plant sorts for the earning of energy has to be recalculated.




Context description:  peak oil peakoil crude short shortage shortages energy plan plans concept concepts for the future event events date time month 11 Nov November autumn fall