Heavy oil castling

From all vehicles are only big ships suitable for hydrogen. This is because a tank with 125,000 times more volume has only 2,500 times more surface.

Tanks for liquid hydrogen are extrem insulated. 300 degree Celsius temperature difference have to be as good as possible insulated, to prevent the valuable fuel from evaporating. But what at a car is a 4 kg hydrogen tank, this could be at a big ship a 500 t hydrogen tank. A 125,000 times bigger tanks has only 2500 times more surface. 500 tons are at 60% efficiency enough to run a 25.000 kW engine for 16 days.

  Heavy oil + hydrogen = kerosene

Hydrogen propulsion for large ships. This makes the heavy oil for ships free for other usages. The heavy oil can be refined by hydrogen from solar electric power to kerosene and so make aviation further possilbe.

  Political actions necessary

It's not possible to reach such usefull assignment for fuels for different tasks only by price. The heavy oil can not be on the natural way so expensive, that ships prefer hydrogen.

It is necessary to examine this solution for crude oil shortage and to creat political actions.

  From liguid natural gas to hydrogen

It should be started today to work on propulsion concepts to propel large ships by natural gas. Engines and tanks should be constructed for the use of liquid hydrogen.

Editorial of PEGE
Important questions about the future, reports and possible solutions. PEGE as an independent analyst of facts and designer of long term strategies outside of short sighted populisms.

Where will hydrogen as a storage medium determine our energy future and where will the hydrogen technology fail by more suitable methods?

Traffic energy and environment
Increasing oil price and more and more consequences of the climate change will enforce an environment friendly mobility.

Goods transport
Future prognoses for the goods transport. Roads or railway, who has the better cards in a future with increasing oil price and a change towards renewable energy?

  Key questions for a future after peak oil

The Energy Watch Group shows, peakoik is history and happened 2006. PEGE creates a catalog of questions for a path to our future energy system.

Change energy source: plug-in hybrid
Since decades, our cars are using less and less fuel, but the world consume of oil goes up. Now after peak oil, we need a radical change of the energy source.

Energy usage car changing
Until now, the consumption was only measured in litres of an crude oil product. The new norm is the earth surface to produce the necessary energy.

Swap electricity oil
Even when Plug-in Hybrid cars use less than 1 litre fuel from crude oil for 100km, even this reduction is in the long run not enough. More potentail for reduction by electric power.

Stretch by hydrogen
Future vision solar electric power plentifulness. Shortage of crude oil and biomass. The logical consequence: Biomass and crude oil refined by hydrogen from solar electricity.

Biomass efficiency
With the example wood increasing the potential of biomass for our mobility from the present beginnings to the time with large amounts of electricity from renewable energy.

Methan Methanol Hydrogen
After a preselection for this 3 fuel sorts has to be evaluated which one is cheapest for the cars drivers in 20 years.

Biomass evaluation
Because of new knowledge about the future energy situation, the evaluation of plant sorts for the earning of energy has to be recalculated.

Context description:  peak oil peakoil crude short shortage shortages energy plan plans concept concepts for the future event events date time month 11 Nov November autumn fall