The energy balance of the Austrian railways confirms what environmentalists always tell: The freight belongs on the rails. Raising oil prices will also bring the freight on the rails.
The data are from the ecological balance for freight and person transport from the ÖBB (Austrian railway society) from 2002
Unambiguous winner is here the train. Even when a litre Diesel is only valued with 4 kWh, a big truck with 20 tons pay load and 40 litre/100km has here 80 Wh per ton and km. With empty return journeys and half loaded journeys, this becomes much worse.